#1

ational organizations as observers

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API stands for American Petroleum Institute [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/]Falcons Jersey Sale[/url] , a body that designates standards for pipe used primarily in the petroleum and water industries. API drill pipe and line pipe is suitable for conveying oil, gas, and water and may be seamless or welded. Pipe for these purposes may have plain ends, or the ends may be prepared or threaded for use with certain types of couplings. Under the API 5L designation are two product spec levels: PSL1 and PSL2. PSL1 pipe may be used in structural applications or for plant piping [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/]Cheap Falcons Jersey[/url] , while PSL2 is mostly used in pipeline where more rigorous standards apply. Impact testing is not mandatory for PSL1 pipe, but it is required for the PSL2 designation.

How API Drill Pipe is Inspected

API pipe is inspected in order to find surface marks like cracks and pits. Other measurements include wall thickness, outside diameter, and inside cross-sectional area. The inspection process is designed to ensure quality of pipe and to reduce the risk for non-conforming pipe. While standards are important [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/Tevin-Coleman-Jersey/]Falcons Tevin Coleman Jersey[/url] , they cannot be a substitute for good engineering of a drill string or pipeline, and some applications may have more stringent requirements than what is done with API inspections. While API standards are used for sourcing line pipe and drill pipe, they may not be complete enough for some pipe uses.

The Importance of API Certification

A fatigue crack forming and propagating can be disastrous for a project, so it is important that engineers know what types of stresses the pipe will be subjected to. For example [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/Austin-Hooper-Jersey/]Falcons Austin Hooper Jersey[/url] , higher mean tensile stress can shorten the life of a pipe, and corrosive environments also tend to shorten the life of API pipe. Tougher pipe material can support a larger crack before failure, all other factors being equal.

Types of API 5L Line Pipe

Standard pipe under the API 5L designation may be graded "A," "B [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/Deion-Jones-Jersey/]Falcons Deion Jones Jersey[/url] ," or "X." The "X" designations are followed by a number representing the pipe's specified minimum yield strength. Yield strength is given in kilo-pounds per square inch (ksi). As one example, X60 pipe has minimum yield strength of 60 ksi. Grades also incorporate tensile strength (also given in ksi), yield strength to tensile strength ratio, and minimum elongation. API 5L Grade A pipe [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/Keanu-Neal-Jersey/]Falcons Keanu Neal Jersey[/url] , for example, has a yield strength minimum of 30 ksi, and a tensile strength minimum of 48 ksi. Grade A pipe has minimum elongation of 28%. At the other end of the scale, Grade X80 pipe has a yield strength minimum of 80 ksi [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/Sean-Harlow-Jersey/]Falcons Sean Harlow Jersey[/url] , a tensile strength minimum of 90 ksi, and elongation minimum of 16%.

Oil, Gas, and Water Applications

The importance of pipe that meets API standards cannot be overstated [url=http://www.teamfalconsjerseys.com/Duke-Riley-Jersey/]Falcons Duke Riley Jersey[/url] , and as oil and gas drilling increase worldwide, demand for API pipe is expected to increase over the coming years. Your source for line pipe and drill pipe must have adequate worldwide inventories of products meeting API and other specifications so that your project can go forward without interruptions. Knowing that your pipe meets relevant industry specifications allows you to move ahead with your project with confidence.

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BEIJING, April 28, 2016 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping addresses the opening ceremony of the fifth foreign ministers' meeting of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in Beijing, capital of China, April 28, 2016. (XinhuaPang Xinglei)


BEIJING, April 28 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping addressed the opening ceremony of the fifth foreign ministers' meeting of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in Beijing on Thursday.


Xi's speech covered the Korean Peninsular nuclear issue and the South China Sea.


On the nuclear issue, Xi reiterated China's full adherence to the UN Security Council resolution, and its commitment to denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, securing peace and stability on the peninsula and resolving issues through dialogue and negotiation.


He urged all the parties involved to exercise restraint, avoid provocation, and pull the nuclear issue back to a track of dialogue and negotiations at an early date.


The president also said China is always committed to peace and stability in the South China Sea. While China will firmly safeguard its sovereignty, rights and interests, it is willing to peacefully solve the disputes through friendly consultation and dialogue with the countries directly involved, he said.


China will work with Southeast Asian nations to make the South China Sea a region of peace, friendship and cooperation, according to Xi.


The CICA was established in 1992 as a forum for dialogue and consultation on security issues in Asia. It has 26 member countries and 12 countries and international organizations as observers.


Related:


Full story


CICA foreign ministers to meet in Beijing this month


BEIJING, April 13 (Xinhua) -- Foreign ministers of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) member states will meet in Beijing from April 27 to 28, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang announced on Wednesday.


It will be the foreign ministers' fifth meeting since CICA was established in 1992 as a forum for dialogue and consultations on security issues in Asia.


CICA has 26 member countries, including China, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, and Thailand. It includes some other countries and international organizations as observers.


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BEIJING, April 28, 2016 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping addresses the opening ceremony of the fifth foreign ministers' meeting of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in Beijing, capital of China, April 28, 2016. (XinhuaDing Haitao)


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